Pharmacotherapy, as the name suggests, involves the use of psychotropic medication (e.g. antidepressants or antipsychotics) to treat mental health symptoms and disorders. Just as those with physical health issues, such as type I diabetes or asthma, usually have medication to keep their bodies functioning well, many individuals with mental health issues need medication to help their brains function normally.

Psychotropic medications majorly fit into the following five categories:
  1. Antidepressants
  2. Antipsychotics
  3. Anti-anxiety medications (anxiolytics)
  4. Mood stabilizers
  5. Stimulants

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